Milch breed of Cattle in Pakistan

Pakistan, with its rich agricultural heritage, is home to a diverse range of cattle breeds, each uniquely adapted to the local environment and contributing significantly to the country’s dairy industry. Among these, the Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, and Cholistani breeds stand out as prominent milch breeds, renowned for their special characteristics and valuable contributions to milk production.

Sahiwal Breed: (A true icon of adaptability)

Habitat:

Originating from the Sahiwal region in Punjab, Pakistan, the Sahiwal breed is celebrated for its exceptional adaptability and robustness to a variety of environmental conditions. With a distinctive reddish-brown coat and a well-defined hump, Sahiwal’s are easily recognizable. This breed is often found in District Sahiwal, Okara, Multan and Faisalabad. while the older names of Sahiwal cattle are Lambi Bar, Montgomery breed, Multani Cattle, Lola, and Rich Marwari. Its main characteristic is of tick-resistance.

Physical Characteristics:

Body Weight:        Male Sahiwal’s typically weigh around 500-600 kg, while females weigh approximately 400-450 kg

– Coat Color:        The Sahiwal’s distinctive coat ranges from reddish-brown to a deep mahogany shade.

– Birth Weight:        Calves are born with an average weight of 22-28 kg.

– Weaning Weight and Age:        Calves reach a weaning weight of 100-110 kg by 6-8 months of age. 

– Age of Puberty:        Heifers attain puberty at approximately 16-20 months (about 1 and a half years).

– Age at First Heat and Calving:        Sahiwal heifers experience their first heat at around 15-18 months (about 1 and a half years), and their first calving typically occurs between 30-36 months (about 3 years). 

-Udder:        Udder is large and strong.

– Lactation Length and Yield:            The average lactation period is 305 days, with a milk yield of 1600-3000kg per lactation. 

– Average Production per Day:        Sahiwal cows produce an average of 10-15 kg of milk per day. While the Elite Sahiwal cows’ peak performance hitting an impressive 25 kg of milk per day. With an astonishing 5-6% milk fat.

Red Sindhi Breed: (Radiant Reds and Dairy Excellence)

Habitat:

This breed originated from a mountainous region called “Mahal Kohistani” spread over parts of Karachi, Thatta and Dadu districts in Sindh Also found in the Lasbela district of Balochistan. It is a medium-sized breed with a red body colour with a compact build. Hump is well-developed in males. 

Physical Characteristics:

Body Weight:        Male Red Sindhi cattle generally weigh around 450-550 kg, while females weigh approximately 350-450 kg. 

– Coat Color:            The breed’s striking red coat sets it apart.

– Birth Weight:        Calves are born with an average weight of 20-25 kg. 

– Weaning Weight and Age:        Calves attain a weaning weight of 90-100 kg by 6-8 months.

– Age of Puberty:        Heifers reach puberty at approximately 20-24 months.

– First Heat and Age at First Calving:        Red Sindhi heifers experience their first heat at around 18-24 months, and their first calving occurs between 32-38 months.

-Udder:         Medium-sized udder. While hindquarters are round and drooping. There are more pigments in the udder which protects them from heat/direct sunlight. 

– Lactation Length and Yield:        Red Sindhi cows have an average lactation period of 270 days, producing around 1,500-2000 kg of milk per lactation. 

– Average Production per Day:        Red Sindhi cows yield an average of 8-12 kg of milk per day. With 4-5.5% milk fat. 

 The peak production can reach up to 20 kg of milk per day. 

Cholistani Breed: (Desert Resilience and Dairy Delights)

Habitat:

The Cholistani breed originates from the desert region of Cholistan, demonstrating impressive resilience in arid conditions. This breed is also tick-resistant.

Physical Characteristics:

– Body Weight:        Male Cholistani cattle typically weigh around 400-500 kg, while females weigh approximately 300-400 kg.

– Coat Color:        Cholistani cattle exhibit a variety of coat colours, including white with black patches and white with red patches. 

– Birth Weight:        Calves are born with an average weight of 18-24 kg. 

– Weaning Weight and Age:        Calves achieve a weaning weight of 80-90 kg by 6-8 months.

– Age of Puberty:        Heifers attain puberty at approximately 24-28 months. 

– First Heat and Age at First Calving:        Cholistani heifers experience their first heat at around 20-24 months, and their first calving takes place between 36-42 months.

– Lactation Length and Yield:        Cholistani cows have an average lactation period of 205 days, producing around 1,800-2,200 kg of milk per lactation. 

– Average Production per Day:        Cholistani cows provide an average of 6-8 kg of milk per day. 

Peak production can reach up to 12 kg of milk per day. While it’s cross with Holstein Friesian can produce up to 30 liters of milk per day.

 

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