Types of Carbohydrates

On the basis of structure there are two types of Carbohydrates.

    1. Structured Carbohydrates
    2. Non-Structured Carbohydrates
Here are the 10 differences between structured and non-structured carbohydrate.

Types of carbohydrates:

Structured Carbohydrates Non-Structured Carbohydrates
Structured carbohydrates are made up of a long chain of sugar molecules (mostly Polysaccharides).
Non-Structured Carbohydrates are made up of simple sugars (mostly Monosaccharides and Disaccharides)
They are Complex in nature.
Its structure is small and simpler in nature.
Mostly Found in Plant Cell walls Such as Cellulose, Hemi-cellulose, Pectin and Lignin.
They are mostly found in grains Such as Glucose, Fructose, and starch, etc.
They provide a satiety feeling because of their slow digestion rate and don’t contribute to the storage of Body fat.
They provide instant energy which helps to increase the body weight because the excess energy is stored in the form of body fat..
They are Only digested by Bacterial fermentation in the rumen and provide slow energy.
They are easily digested by rumen enzymes and provide fast energy.
The end result of their fermentation is Acetic acid and Butyric acid.
While the end product of their fermentation is propionic acid main acid during silage making.
It contains more fibrous content. So, the excess can lead to animal malnutrition.
Because it is rapidly fermented in the rumen its excess can lead to Rumen acidosis.
Its digestibility is about 30-60% and lignin is about less than 10%.
While its digestibility is 70-100%.
It helps to increase the Milk fat because acetic acid acts as a precursor of milk fat and butyric acid is also present in milk fat in small amounts.
While it increases Milk production because propionic acid acts as a precursor for lactose (Milk sugar).
It also provides energy to rumen papillae because butyric acid acts as an ideal energy source for papillae.
It doesn’t have any significant impact on Papillae.

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